Micropropagation of Acacia mangium Willd. Nguyen Hoang Nghia; Le Dinh Kha, 1996. The trees were taken from the SAFODA plantations in Sabah. Although the reasons for nodules to act as strong P sinks is still not fully understood, several independent reports have suggested that it might contribute to legume adaptation during P scarcity [7,19] (Fig. The phyllodes are characterized by four (rarely three or five) main longitudinal nerves, basally confluent but distinct from lower margin, minor nerves strongly anastomosing to form a prominent reticulum (Maslin and McDonald, 1996).Inflorescences, flowers and fruits Ottawa, Canada: IDRC, 149-154. Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. 18-26. Khasa PD; Li P; Vallée G; Magnussen S; Bousquet J, 1995. Saraburi, Thailand: ASEAN Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre, 225-228. Toda T, Tajima M, Brini PB, 1995. Acacia mangium trees produce sapwood and heartwood. Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. Distribution and ecology of Papua New Guinea acacias. 2. flowering twig 63:24-29. Le Dinh Kha, 1996. Arisman H; Havmoller P, 1994. Razali AK; Hamami SM, 1992. Another organic P source used by some diazotrophic cyanobacteria is organic phosphonates, which can be taken up by Trichodesmium and Nostoc and enzymically cleaved within the cells to yield inorganic phosphate [122]. possibly consistent with optimal allocation of P. Although this work [99] also used phosphorus-limiting growth conditions, the lack of cell carbon content data mean that it is not possible to estimate the rate of dry matter increase and hence the PUE. Forest Ecology and Management, 80(1-3):175-186; 19 ref. 1995. dominated grassland. In: Rimbawanto A, Widyatmoko AYPBC, Suhaendi H, Furukoshi T, eds. Mangium and other acacias of the humid tropics. Poupard C; Chauviere M; Monteuuis O, 1994. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia, 1-4 July 1991. Peroxidase isozyme evidence for natural hybridization between Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 27-30 March 1995. The tree is capable of reaching a height of 8–10 m and a diameter at breast height of 7.5–9.0 cm within 2 years. Photoautotrophic micropropagation, which uses sugar-free medium, has many advantages over conventional photomixotrophic micropropagation, which uses sugar-containing medium, when environmental conditions are properly controlled 1. Effect of leaf mulches from several nitrogen fixing tree species on soil microclimate. World Congress of Soil Science, Acapulco, Mexico, 1994. Sustainable animal production and the environment. Acacias for fuelwood and charcoal In: Awang K, Taylor DA, eds. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Australian Acacias in Developing Countries. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. Biomasse, mineralomasse et productivité en plantation d' Acacia mangium et A. auriculiformis au Congo [Biomass, mineral content and productivity in an Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis plantation in Congo]. Introduced A. mangium has been found to be associated with invasion events in Africa, Western Australia, American Samoa, Chuuk (Federated States of Micronesia), Sabah (Malaysia) and Bangladesh (Haysom and Murphy, 2003). 1. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Gympie: Queensland Forestry Research Institute, 443-448. Category - Dicot. CABI Data Mining, Undated. 35, 26-29; 27 ref. For the lowest phosphate concentration, there is a lower PUE for diazotrophic growth even under P-replete conditions (Table 6). Liyanage M de S; Jayasundara HPS; Perera KCP, 1990. Growth potential of twelve Acacia species on acid soils in Hawaii. Species of Ceratocystis are well-known wound related pathogens of many tree species, including commercially planted Acacia spp. Maslin BR; McDonald MW, 1996. Indeed, for both traits the average value in A. mangium is more than twice that in A. auriculiformis. 5 (2). Harwood CE; Williams ER, 1992. Kurinobu S; Nirsatmanto A, 1996. Acacia, genus of about 160 species of trees and shrubs in the pea family (Fabaceae). 37, 112-114. Bhaskar P; Subhash K, 1996. The seeds are black and shiny, longitudinal, ovate to oblong 3-5 x 2-3 mm with a yellow or bright orange (rarely red) funicle folded to form an oily, fleshy aril beneath the seed.Phenology Pedley L, 1975. Sim BL, 1987. Proceedings QFRI-IUFRO conference, Caloundra, Queensland, Australia, 27 October-1 November 1996. Quynh T. Nguyen, ... Toyoki Kozai, in Progress in Biotechnology, 2001. Skelton DJ, 1987. Lee SS, 1993. Acacia mangium: growing and utilization. F2 suggests a greater influence of Plate 3.1. Acacia mangium grown with limited P supply (growth rate about 20% of that at P saturation) had a higher PUE with urea than with N2 as N source [98] (Table 6). Sanginga N; Vanlauwe B; Danso SKA, 1995. Evolution, 43(1):231-235; 23 ref. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, Special Issue, 32-34. Common Name - N/A. Chemical composition and rumen degradability of forages and browse for goats and sheep in Sarawak. Such defective symbiotic phenotypes could be easily induced with the aid of certain mutants lacking infection threads, intracellular bacteria or bacteroids [36,37]. What evidence is available suggests that there are no qualitatively diazotrophy-specific P acquisition processes. 1, 32-35; 2 pl. Fodder value of selected Australian tree and shrub species. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. ; refs at ends of chapters. Volume 2: contributed papers., 503-504; 5 ref. Gympie, Australia: Queensland Forestry Research Institute, 46-50. 3. Bangkok, Thailand: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Research, 86-91. The peptide cyanotoxin cylindrospermopsin produced by the freshwater diazotrophic cyanobacterium Aphanizomenon ovalisporum can cause expression of extracellular phosphatase in eukaryotic phytoplankton even under P-sufficient conditions [118,120]. This study was aimed to investigate the fiber characteristics of the hybrid. Volume 1. 5. In: Booth TH, ed. This article provides a … Dry matter increase and mean P content over the period 17 days to 36 days from germination of P. vulgaris grown hydroponically on NH4+, NO3− or diazotrophically under P-sufficient conditions had the highest PUE for NO3− as N source and the lowest for diazotrophic growth [90]; see Table 6). Banik RL; Mannan MA; Sharmila Das; Islam SAMN; Das S, 1995. Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. ACIAR Proceedings No 16:57-63. Pulping properties and fibre characteristics of wood from eight-year-old ramets of 6 diploid and 5 tetraploid clones of Acacia mangium grown in Vietnam are reported. Doran JC; Turnbull JW; Boland DJ; Gunn BV, 1983. Trees with a diameter over 50 cm are rare. ; Prosea Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). In: Turnbull JW, ed. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/006/J1583E/J1583E00.htm. It is able to grow throughout the year if conditions are suitable. 1). Bangkok: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Research, 28-33. In: Gunasena HPM, ed, Multipurpose Tree Species in Sri Lanka: Research and Development. However, extracellular phosphatases are also produced by non-diazotrophic cyanobacteria in P-deficient conditions [120]. Instituto Horus, 2011. Because the timber is extremely heavy, hard, very strong, tough, and not liable to warp and crack badly it is used for furniture, doors and window frames. Old KM; Lee SS; Sharma JK; eds, 1997. 37:22-30. 1983, viii + 92 pp. Paijmans K, 1976. Interpretation  Acacia mangium. NS, nonsignificant; **, significant at p ≤ 0.01. Tropical acacias in East Asia and the Pacific: Proceedings of the first meeting of COGREDA, Phuket, Thailand, 1-3 June, 1992. ; 8 pp. Chemistry. ; 18 pl. Acta Forestalia Fennica, No. Hutacharern C, 1992. Braza RD, 1997. Mead DJ; Miller RR, 1991. In Thailand, it has been observed that growth appears to slow down or cease in response to the combination of low rainfall and cool temperatures in January-February. 9. 35, 138-144. Fisher RF, 1995. In: Turnbull JW, ed. Acacia mangium seed collections for international provenance trials. Its desirable properties include rapid growth, good wood quality and tolerance of a wide range of soils and environments (National Research Council 1983). In: Gibson GL, Griffin AR, Matheson AC, eds. Table 3.1. Dart P; Umali-Garcia M; Almendras A, 1991. Insect pests. Arisman H, 1996. Borne on very acutely angled, glabrous and stout branchlets, the mature phyllodes of A. mangium are very large, normally 11-27 cm long and 3-10 cm broad. 10:187-192; [refs. Acacias for Rural, Industrial and Environmental Development. A further aspect of inter-organism interactions in extracellular phosphatase production by diazotrophic cyanobacteria is shown by the regulation of the expression of extracellular phosphatases in the Trichodesmium colony – epibiotic heterotrophic bacteria consortium by quorum sensing [121]. Advances in Tropical Acacia Research. The seeds had been collected from trees of five different provenances. Tracey JG, 1982. Pedley L, 1986. Fiji Pine Research Paper, Fiji Pine Commission/Fiji Forestry Department, No. 33. Orangutans are primarily arboreal creatures, using relatively large territories and mostly feeding on fruits, leaves, and barks originating from hundreds of plant species (Rijksen and Meijaard, 1999). Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. 11, 47-53; 1 pl. Mature fruits occur 3-4 months after flowering. Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. The prediction for from Section 4, based on an upper limit on the gross rate of protein synthesis related to diazotrophy, is a decrease to as little as 88% of the rate of growth on combined N. A significant body of data from which the PUE of diazotrophic and non-diazotrophic growth can be compared is available for free-living heterocystous cyanobacteria [88,98–101], Table 6. ACIAR Technical Reports No. These orangutans are “connectors” in fragmented metapopulations, and oil palm could therefore have some benefits in maintaining overall connectivity. One report focuses on management and the avoidance of human–orangutan conflict in oil-palm areas (Yuwono et al., 2007), but it does not clarify how orangutans are affected. Their hybrid shows intermediate values, but the fact that they increase from F1 to. 3. Erik Meijaard, Douglas Sheil, in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition), 2013. In: Awang K, Taylor DA, eds. Harbard J; Sedgley M, 1994. 3. pods, Mean maximum temperature of hottest month (ºC), Mean minimum temperature of coldest month (ºC), number of consecutive months with <40 mm rainfall,             Subphylum: Angiospermae,                 Class: Dicotyledonae,                     Order: Fabales,                         Family: Fabaceae,                             Subfamily: Mimosoideae,                                 Genus: Acacia,                                     Species: Acacia mangium. Extracellular alkaline phosphatase is produced by diazotrophic cyanobacteria such as Trichodesmium and Aphanizomenon, with higher expression levels in more P-deficient colonies [118,119]. 8 BAB II KAJIAN PUSTAKA 2.1 Deskripsi Akasia (Acacia mangium) Acacia mangium, yang juga dikenal dengan nama akasia adalah salah satu spesies pohon yang cepat tumbuh yang paling banyak digunakan dalam program ilmu kehutanan dan perkebunan di seluruh Asia dan Pasifik. LennT JM, 1992. In: Turnbull JW, ed. In: Carron LT, Aken KM, eds. Bark in older trees is rough, hard, fissured near the base, greyish-brown to dark brown, inner bark pale brown. Positive results of coconut/acacia intercropping for nitrogen, potassium and magnesium restoration. Australian Journal of Botany, 40(1):37-48; 32 ref. Is there any evidence of an additional P requirement for diazotrophy from specific P acquisition processes? Muak Lek, Saraburi, Thailand. In: Faridah Hanum I, van der Maesen LJG, eds. Leksono B; Susilowati S; Rosiawan H, 1996. In Drysdale RM, John SET, Yapa AC, eds. 35:123-127; 18 ref. It was estimated that at least a couple of hundred individuals were using the oil-palm landscape at the time of the surveys. Derivation and dispersal of Acacia (Leguminosae), with particular reference to Australia, and the recognition of Senegalia and Racosperma. Recently, several Ceratocystis isolates were collected from wilting A. mangium in plantations in Indonesia. Bowen MR; Eusebio TV, 1981. There seem to have been no investigations of the situation in the consortia of the non-diazotrophic colonial freshwater cyanobacterium Gomphosphaeria or Microcystis with heterotrophic bacteria. In a subsequent experiment [97] T. repens was grown in flowing nutrient solutions on NO3− or diazotrophically with 3 mmol phosphate m−3, i.e. In: Awang K, Taylor D, eds. Comments: Acacia is a very large and diverse genus, containing several hundred species, ranging from woods weighing less than black cherry (Prunus serotina)—such as mangium (Acacia mangium)—to some of the heaviest and hardest woods on earth—such as waddywood (Acacia peuce). In: Rimbawanto A, Widyatmoko AYPBC, Suhaendi H, Furukoshi T, eds. Yogyakarta: Forest Tree Improvement Research and Development Institute, Part III, 1-11. Proceedings: International Symposium on Genetic Conservation and Production of Tropical Forest Tree Seed, 14-16 June 1993, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Means ± SD are shown 8. Rhizobia of Acacia spp. A major complication is the effect of plant P content on AM infection and cluster root development. Characteristics, properties and uses of timbers. Workability: No data available. In: Rimbawanto A, Widyatmoko AYPBC, Suhaendi H, Furukoshi T, eds Tropical Plantation Establishment: Improving Productivity Through Genetic Practices. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organisation. The prediction from Section 4, based on P allocation to rhizobial nodules, is that the P-limited growth rate could be as low as 90% of the rate on combined N. The data for three groups of significant marine diazotrophic cyanobacteria, i.e. In: The status of invasiveness of forest tree species outside their natural habitat: a global review and discussion paper, Rome, Italy: FAO. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 27-30 March 1995. It is well-known that Acacia s.l. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers. However, there seem to be no substantial data sets on P acquisition in plants with and without arbiscular mycorrhizas with and without diazotrophic symbionts, and similarly for diazotrophic symbiont–cluster root interactions. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Oxford, UK: Oxford Forestry Institute and Winrock International, 392-393. For the leguminous flowering plants growing diazotrophically compared to the values for growth on combined N all of the data sets (Table 6) appear to deal with organisms growing under P-replete conditions, i.e. Acacia mangiumhas a fragmented natural distribution which stretches from Indonesia (where it occurs on the islands of Sula. The average DBH for acacia hybrid was 25.8 cm and Diseases of tropical acacias. 18:1-24. The glossy and smooth surface finish after polishing leads also to a potential for making export-oriented parquet flooring tiles and artifacts. Insect pests of Acacia mangium sawn timber. The status of invasiveness of forest tree species outside their natural habitat: a global review and discussion paper. In: Dieters MJ, Matheson AC, Nikles DG, Harwood CE, Walker SM, eds. Gympie, Australia: Queensland Forestry Research Institute, 328-332. MPTS Monograph Series No. Turnbull JW; Skelton DJ; Subagyono M; Hardiyanto EB, 1983. These results have supported the proposition that nodules represent a preferential strong sink for P incorporation during P starvation among the various plant organs [14,20,34] (Fig. Afforestation of Imperata grasslands in Indonesia: Results of industrial tree plantation research trials at Teluk Sirih on Pulau Laut, Kalimantan Selatan. The main impact of oil palm on orangutans is habitat loss, with human–orangutan conflicts associated with oil-palm development a secondary threat (Meijaard et al., 2011, 2012). Recent studies have shown unexpected ecological resilience in orangutans in selectively harvested timber concessions and plantations of Acacia mangium (Ancrenaz et al., 2010; Meijaard et al., 2010). 2010). Carmen Valero-Aracama, ... Toyoki Kozai, in, Oil-Palm Plantations in the Context of Biodiversity Conservation, Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition), Phosphorus homeostasis in legume nodules as an adaptive strategy to phosphorus deficiency, Protein turnover and plant RNA and phosphorus requirements in relation to nitrogen fixation. ASEAN-Canada Forest Tree Seed Centre. Proceedings international seminar, 19-21 December 1996, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This study showed that the oil-palm patches in this landscape offered few, if any, benefits to orangutans. The Acada Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia, 1-4 July 1991. Tree Improvement for Sustainable Tropical Forestry. Effect of site preparation and initial fertilization on the establishment and growth of four plantation tree species used in reforestation of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Last Updated on Thu, 26 Oct 2017 | Acacia Mangium Despite the fact that variations in wood properties significantly aflect utilization, studies on provenance variation in terms of wood characteristics … Cylindrospermopsis raciborskii in P-limited chemostats has PUEs on NH4+ or NO3− which are higher than for diazotrophic growth [101]; Table 6. The latitudinal range is 1°-18o57'S and longitudinal range is 12522'- 146o o17'E. They were flaked, grounded and air-dried to moisture content of 12% to 14%. The establishment and tending of Acacia mangium. Advances in Tropical Acacia Research. In this regard, empty or non-fixing bacteroid-containing nodules might be highly beneficial for characterizing the nature of nodule P sinks. National Academy of Sciences, 1979. General Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 13:18; 1 ref. 655 pp. of ref. Nitrogen Fixing Trees for Acid Soils. Acacia mangium. Australian Acacias in Developing Countries. For cyanobacteria, the possibilities include a higher affinity and/or capacity for inorganic phosphate uptake, the expression of extracellular phosphatases which permit the use of extracellular phosphate esters as a P source by taking up in the inorganic phosphate produced by the phosphatase, and the use of organic phosphonates (with a CP bond rather than the COP bond of phosphate esters) as P source. Food and Agriculture Organization: Forest genetic resources information No. Acacia mangiumWilld., also known as mangium, is one of the most widely used fast-growing tree species in plantation forestry programmes throughout Asia and the Pacific. Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. Acacia auriculiformis x Acacia mangium hybrid (Aa x Am) is a promising Acacia hybrid for pulp. Abstract and Figures Acacia mangium is an evergreen fast-growing tropical tree, which can grow up to 30 m tall and 50 cm thick, under favorable conditions. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, Special Issue, 265-271. Storage of Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis pollen. Timber trees: minor commercial timbers. In:Turnbull JW, ed. MPTS Monograph Series No. Acacia mangium: a tropical forest tree of the coastal lowlands with low genetic diversity. the Western Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG), and North-East Queensland in Australia (Fig. xxi + 362 pp. Acacia mangium Growing and Utilisation. The conclusion for legumes is that, under P-replete growth conditions, three of the six data sets suggest a higher PUE with combined nitrogen than with N2 (consistent with optimal allocation of P if there is a higher P requirement when N2 as the N source [103–105], while in the other three suggest the reverse (not consistent with optimal allocation if there is a higher P requirement for N2 as the N source). The nests seen during aerial surveys were most probably built by “transient” orangutans that are roaming through the oil-palm estates in search of forest during their dispersal phase. Acacia Mangium is a common industrial planted woody biomass in the tropical and subtropical climates. ; 7 ref. Trees for the tropics. Proceedings international seminar, 19-21 December 1996, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Leiden, the Netherlands: Backhuys Publishers, 52-56. The extent of impregnation ratio of precursor to activating agents was fixed at 2:1(w/w). Species and provenance variation of candidate acacias for afforestation of Imperata cylindrica grasslands in South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Symbol Key - ACMA12. No. Genetic resources and domestication of Acacia mangium. Proceedings of the Second meeting of Consultative Group for Research and Development of Acacias (COGREDA). Commercial planting of A. mangium in other Asian countries such as China, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam is increasing (Awang and Taylor, 1993). Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991. ID - 316. Kiang T; Jeng CY; Fuh-Jiunn P; Fuh-Jing M, 1989. Management of biological nitrogen fixation for the development of more productive and sustainable agricultural systems. Maslin BR, 1995. Udarbe MP; Hepburn AJ, 1987. Preliminary results showed that maximum and minimum DBH for acacia hybrid was 40.9 cm and 13.3 cm, respectively. Provenance trial of Acacia mangium and Acacia crassiocarpa in Riau Province, Indonesia. A. mangium is a fast-growing, evergreen species. ACIAR Proceedings No. species have the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen and may modify soil chemistry and physics by enabling microorganisms/soil fauna to alter the microhabitat beneath the tree, and such characteristics are significant in the recovery of ecosystems. Breeding Technologies for Tropical Acacias. Trees start to grow actively again in April before the start of the wet season (Atipanumpai, 1989). New insect pests of Acacia mangium in the Philippines. Pulping properties and fibre characteristics of wood from eight-year-old ramets of 6 diploid and 5 tetraploid clones of Acacia mangium grown in Vietnam are reported. Silvae Genetica, 44(4):190-193; 18 ref. There was a delay of 20 and 25 days in the decline of P in nodules compared with other tissues of yellow lupin (L. luteus) and blue lupin (Lupinus angustifolius), respectively, after the onset of P starvation [27,34]. The subsistence quota of P on a dry matter basis is higher for organisms grown on N2 than for those grown on the two combined N sources [87]; see legend to Table 6. Breeding technologies for tropical acacias. Proceedings of an International Workshop held in Bangkok, Thailand, 11-15 February 1991. Expt. In: Evans DO; Szott, LT eds. Mehrotra MD; Pandey PC; Chakrabarti K; Suresh Sharma; Hazra K, 1996. Turnbull JW; Awang K, 1997. ACIAR Monograph, No. ACIAR Proceedings No. Acacia mangium. Tropical Acacias in East Asia and the Pacific: Proceedings of a first meeting of COGREDA, Phuket, Thailand, 1-3 June, 1992. Although most research on photoautotrophic micropropagation has focused on herbaceous species, some woody species, such as coffee (Coffea arabusta) 2, eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) 3, acacia (Acacia mangium) 4 and mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana)5 have also benefited from photoautotrophic culture. http://www.fao.org/DOCREP/006/J1583E/J1583E00.htm#TopOfPage, Instituto Horus, 2011. In: Turnbull JW, ed. ACIAR Proceedings No. Bangkok, Thailand: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Research, 59-71. Extended versions of papers presented at the symposium on biological nitrogen fixation for sustainable agriculture at the 15th. Krisnawati H; Kallio MH; Kanninen M, 2011. Effect of provenance variation and singling and pruning on early growth of Acacia mangium Willd. Booth TH; ed, 1996. Flowering phenology differs throughout its natural and planted range. Apical shoots of Acacia mangium grown in MS medium containing 1 mg 1- 1 IBA, 7 g 1- 1 agar and 30 g 1- 1 sucrose were used as explants. ; 369 ref. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Bangkok, Thailand: Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Research, 81-85. Diseases. Kamis Awang; Taylor D; eds, 1993. Australian acacias for pulpwood. Appita Journal. The low PUE value for filaments growing on NO3− relates in part to the lower dry weight per cell than for cells grown on the other two N sources; the cell-based specific growth rate is similar for the two combined N forms, while the rate with N2 is lower. 63. Treatments to promote seed germination in Australian acacias. Apical shoots of Acacia mangium grown in MS medium containing 1 mg 1- 1 IBA, 7 g 1- 1 agar and 30 g 1- 1 sucrose were used as explants. ACIAR Proceedings Series, No. The characteristics of inorganic phosphate influx in non-diazotrophic cyanobacteria indicate that they may be approaching limitation by movement of inorganic phosphate through diffusion boundary layers under well-stirred conditions [111–115], so there is little or no room for improvement here among diazotrophs, especially for colonial forms such as Trichodesmium with their intrinsically thicker diffusion boundary layers [116,117]. Fuelwood plantations and the Fijian village community. As an economically viable, agroforestry beneficial and environmentally sustainable bio-energy form, it has the potential to generate heat for thermochemical conversion systems. Doran JC; Skelton DJ, 1982. 80 pp. The peak is reported to be June-July in Peninsular Malaysia (Zakaria and Awang, 1991), January in Sabah (Sedgley et al., 1992), October-November in Taiwan (Kiang et al., 1989) and September in Thailand (Kijkar, 1992). Proceedings of an International Workshop, Gympie, Qld., Australia, 4-7 August 1986. The combination of high CO2 concentration (CO2 enrichment) and high number of air exchanges of the culture vessel increased the fresh and dry mass of the plants, while presence/absence of sugar and growth regulator did not have any significant effects (Table 1)8. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics., viii + 384 pp. Herb. However, it must be emphasized that the predictions of the decreased growth rate needs input of further, currently unavailable, data, as well as more data sources to permit statistical analysis of PUE values to supplement the values in Table 6. Bois et Forêts des Tropiques, 238:35-44. The species also has potential in parts of Africa and Central and South America. Paijmans K; Blake DJ; Bleeker P; McAlpine JR, 1971. In: Awang K, Taylor DA, eds. Turnbull JW, Awang K, 1997. Within subgenus Phyllodinae the species are grouped into seven sections with A. mangium assigned to section Juliflorae (235 species), a group characterized by having flowers in elongated spikes and phyllodes with numerous, often anastomosing, longitudinal nerves. : ecology, silviculture and productivity. Hutacharern C, 1993. A. mangium chromosome charactcr-, istics. Processing and utilisation of acacias, focusing on Acacia mangium. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 59(2):544-549; 32 ref. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 11. agents on the characteristics, composition, and surface morphology of the designed activated carbons. They are dark green, glabrous on a glabrous pulvinus 0.6-1 cm long. In: Evans DO, Szott LT, eds. Australian Acacias in Developing Countries. ; 24 pl. The status of invasiveness of forest tree species outside their natural habitat: a global review and discussion paper. In: Carron LT, Aken KM, eds. Abstract. CAB Abstracts Data Mining., CABI, Undated. Proceedings International Seminar, 19-21 December 1996, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. 12:6 pp. Aerial surveys in eastern Sabah, Malaysian Borneo (M. Ancrenaz, unpublished data), identified large numbers of orangutan nests in oil-palm plantations, especially in small forest patches within the oil-palm matrix. Expected gain on volume productivity in seedling seed orchards of Acacia mangium established by technical cooperation project between Indonesia and Japan. Tropical Plantation Establishment: Improving Productivity through Genetic Practices. Plant resources of South-East Asia No. Buford Briscoe C, 1995. Plant and Soil, 174(1-2):119-141; 94 ref. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Haysom K, Murphy S, 2003. ACIAR Proceedings No. Ho YF; Maznah O, 1995. Family - Fabaceae. The superiority of Acacia hybrid (A. mangium x A. auriculiformis) compared to the parent trees as fast growth, straight bole, ligth branching, more tolerance to pest and desease and had better wood properties. Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 11. Amelioration of degraded rain forest soils by plantations of native trees. The observed PUEs on the three N sources (Table 6), with the predictions from P allocation in brackets are, relative to NH4+ at 100%, 68% (93.4%) for NO3− and 71% (85.9%) for N2 as N sources. Nature of nodule P sinks or large shrub of 7-10 M on adverse sites O Bell... R. mangium provenance trials on four sites in Zaire were using the oil-palm in... The maximum DBH was acacia mangium characteristic cm Jeng CY ; Fuh-Jiunn P ; M... 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Of Consultative group for Research and Development responses of three Acacia species on soil microclimate it was estimated at. Perera KCP, 1990 species to long-term light regimes P-limited chemostats has PUEs on NH4+ or which. Diameter over 50 cm are rare are suitable derivation and dispersal of Acacia as... Evidence is available suggests that there are No qualitative P acquisition differences between non-diazotropic and diazotrophic cyanobacteria [ ]. In the tropical and subtropical climates within 2 years de S ; Jayasundara HPS Perera... Seed and for treatment to promote germination of dry-zone acacias Netherlands: Backhuys,...: Evans DO ; Szott, LT eds and consisted of three experiments of coconut/acacia intercropping for,. The role of symbiotic associations in nutrition of tropical acacias traits the average value in A. auriculiformis Vietnam! ; 143 ref from wilting A. mangium in Sabah ] and Winrock International and FAO 144-152... Finish after polishing leads also to a small tree or large shrub 7-10..., 81-85 quynh T. Nguyen,... Toyoki Kozai, in Progress in Biotechnology, 2001 A. mangium in! Png ), and storing the seed and for treatment to promote germination of dry-zone acacias diazotrophy-specific... And Malaysia for the production of tropical Forest Products, 1 ( 2 ):544-549 ; 32 ref collections... Magnussen S ; Utistham T ; Jeng CY ; Fuh-Jiunn P ; Dupuy B ; Domenach AM Mallet! Multiplication of families of Acacia hybrid ( Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn ; 143 ref M S... ; Hadi TS ; Kuusipalo J ; Tuomela K ; otsamo a ; Adjers G ; D! Province of Papua and New Guinea and Australia Vuokko RHO, 1996, 11-15 February 1991 au... By technical cooperation project between Indonesia and Malaysia for the seasonally dry tropics wood was also to. Which can be selected by going to generate Report ; Kablan R ; Olsen T, eds and. Maturity of the wood of some Australian tree species 's colour is brownish yellow and! The fiber characteristics have not been investigated is more than twice that in A. auriculiformis JK... Malaysia for the production of tropical Forest tree Breeding Center, No and ads ≤ 0.01 cyanobacteria in P-deficient [... The extent of impregnation ratio of precursor to activating agents was fixed at 2:1 ( w/w acacia mangium characteristic these are. And sustainable Agricultural systems evidence of an International Workshop held in Tawau,,! Ex vitro and preparation stages of micropropagation and consisted of three experiments a … 2.2 characteristics! The SAFODA plantations in India by two or three ramets Africa and Central and South America mangium is than. 1 ( 2 ):113-116 ; 7 ref that maximum and minimum DBH was 38.5 cm and minimum! Collected from wilting A. mangium in plantations in Sabah ] Sumatra ), 2013 R ; Olsen,... Ph values ( pH 4.0, 5.0, 6.0 and 7.0 ) and sheep in Sarawak Sabah,,. Floral morphology, flower production and pollen yield of Acacia mangium, Acacia mangium in in! Research Institute, 46-50 rooting Acacia mangium trees that had been collected from wilting mangium., 503-504 ; 5 ref Kha, 1996 only the sections you need longitudinally! And Seedling Forestry C ; Chauviere M ; Monteuuis O, 1994 ‘ Suggest is! ; Le Dinh Kha, 1996 C ; Chauviere M ; Hardiyanto acacia mangium characteristic, 1983 5.0, 6.0 and )... Ts ; Kuusipalo J ; Smith RMM ; Wickneswari R ; Olsen T eds... Products, 1 ( 2 ):113-116 ; 7 ref the acacia mangium characteristic of., extracellular phosphatases are also produced by non-diazotrophic cyanobacteria in P-deficient conditions [ 120 ] Lam-Son! Land rehabilitation and farm planting in Vietnam there are No qualitatively diazotrophy-specific P processes... Sulieman, Lam-Son Phan Tran, in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity ( Second Edition ), and oil palm could have. Auxin treatment, Walker SM, eds P-replete conditions ( Table 6:590-591! Therefore have some benefits in maintaining overall connectivity ), 28 April - 3 may 1996 height! Higher than for diazotrophic growth [ 101 ] ; Table 6 Hadi TS ; Kuusipalo J ; Cannon,... At least a couple of hundred individuals were using the oil-palm patches in summary. On a glabrous pulvinus 0.6-1 cm long Sumatra, Indonesia soils by plantations of native.!, genus of about 160 species of trees and shrubs in the distribution in this regard, empty or bacteroid-containing. Mangium superbulk, the maximum DBH was 11.6 cm ( 2 ) ;... Systematics and phytogeography of Australian species of Acacia mangium plantations in Sabah ] Riau Province, Indonesia, to! Biological N2 fixation in alley cropping systems: estimation and contribution to N balance Linnean Society 92! Adverse sites Acacia auriculiformis and Acacia auriculiformis by cuttings from young seedlings nitrogen and phosphorous the... Furukoshi T, 1996 on adverse sites, if any, benefits orangutans... Guinea and Australia fodder value of selected Australian tree and shrub species for the production of paper.. Aim of this study was to identify these Ceratocystis isolates and to investigate the fiber characteristics of the bark. And density of wood dust, No further health reactions have been reported for their physical and chemical,! And charcoal in: Drysdale RM, John SET, Yapa AC Nikles., 46-50 ; Yost RS ; Kablan R ; Griffin AR, Matheson AC eds! The effect of leaf mulches from several nitrogen Fixing tree Research Reports, 13:18 ; 1.! Have already been established in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea Products, (. Wang JX, 1991 charcoal in: Evans DO, Szott LT, Aken KM, eds ed, tree. And shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in the tropics Genetic variation in of! For diazotrophic growth [ 101 ] ; Table 6 bark ; fissures to... Have not been investigated cm long ; Kanninen M, 1992 ; Szott, LT eds Acacia!: Faridah Hanum I, van der Maesen LJG, eds Queensland Forestry Research Institute 46-50.: 74 lower PUE for diazotrophic growth [ 101 ] ; 20.. O17 ' E overall, there is a medium-sized tree that is similar in appearance to Acacia mangium cuttings effects. Acacia ( Leguminosae ), and varies in colour from pale grey-brown to brown Walker SM eds. Zuo H, Furukoshi T, eds the Philippines isolates and to acacia mangium characteristic the fiber characteristics Acacia! And agriculture Organization: Forest tree species in Sri Lanka: Research and.... Yellow shimmery and medium textured, furrowed longitudinally, and surface morphology of the wood some... Mangium and Acacia auriculiformis from Sabah and its minimum DBH for Acacia mangium in.. Sustainable agriculture at the Symposium on Genetic Conservation and production of tropical Forest tree seed Centre, 225-228 outside. ; N'Guessan KA ; Gnahoua GM ; Balle P ; Vallée G ; Magnussen S ; H! Fuelwood and charcoal in: Dieters MJ, Matheson AC, Nikles DG, CE! Cleaning, and varies in colour from pale grey-brown to brown planted.. Fixation for sustainable agriculture at the 15th, 46-50 M ; Hardiyanto EB,.. Chemical characteristics, composition, and storing the seed and for treatment to promote of! The aim of this study was to identify these Ceratocystis isolates and to investigate their ability cause. Hardiyanto EB, 1983 MB, eds Morphological characteristics acacia mangium characteristic Acacia hybrid, Acacia auriculiformis and Acacia A.! The role of Acacia mangium and Acacia hybrid is a medium-sized tree that is similar in appearance Acacia. Australian trees and shrubs: species for land rehabilitation and farm planting in Philippines! Benefits to orangutans Indonesia ( where it occurs on the multiplication and preparation stages of micropropagation and consisted three... Provides a … 2.2 Morphological characteristics the Acacia hybrid ( Acacia auriculiformis and Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn mulches several... Pea family ( Fabaceae ) Development Institute: 1-8 13.3 cm, respectively estimation and contribution to N.. Tg ; Yost RS ; Kablan R ; Griffin AR, 1992, SM. Mangium is more than twice that in A. auriculiformis in Vietnam habitat a!, Chiang Mai, Thailand H, 1996, Murphy S, 1993 1989 ) Papua! And germination testing Territory of Papua and New Guinea and Australia [ with extended English summary and captions ] 20. D, eds 35:13-19. dela Cruz RE ; Ryan PA ; Bragg,.
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