International trade has helped to reduce the impact of geographical location and limited domestic production, broadening the markets for many species and offering wider choices to consumers. However, implementing a blue growth model often requires new and innovative types of financing, from the public and private sectors. The Code is global in scope, and is directed towards: FAO Members and Non-Members; fishing entities; subregional, regional and global organizations, whether governmental or non-governmental; and all persons concerned with the governance of fishery and aquaculture resources and their management and development, such as fishers, those engaged in processing and marketing of fish and fishery products, and other users of the aquatic environment in relation to fisheries. These species are considered to be within biologically sustainable levels, although some concerns about the status of the jumbo flying squid off the Chilean coast have been identified. SmartForms also constitutes an innovative approach to data collection for sectors that are poorly documented and monitored (e.g. These fatalities and accidents have major impacts on families, crews and communities. In 2018, catches of anchoveta once again made it the top species, at over 7.0 million tonnes per year, after relatively lower catches recorded in recent years. In addition to the uncertainties caused by COVID-19, the projections reported here can be affected by the policy reforms in China and a multitude of other factors. Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development) has clear implications for marine fisheries and aquaculture, providing actionable objectives that require international collaboration. In 1976, the value of imports by the European Union, the United States of America and Japan represented 33 percent, 22 percent and 21 percent, respectively, of the global total. Here, AqGR include DNA, genes, chromosomes, tissues, gametes, embryos and other early life-history stages, individuals, strains, and stocks and communities of organisms of actual or potential value for food and agriculture. This agreement establishes a requirement for management regimes based on the precautionary principle and the best available scientific information. Salmons, trouts and smelts have experienced great inter-year variations in the past decade, between 0.3 million tonnes and 0.5 million tonnes, with the catch being 480 000 tonnes in 2017. Figure 29 shows the top exporters and importers of fish and fish products. Good-quality information on production and assets is essential for building both adaptation response programmes and national and regional resilience. Their absence from the FAO global production statistics is due to the difficulties encountered in field data collection, the highly aggregated species grouping in the standard list of species in national statistics system, and data confidentiality in respect of national laws. 2030 AGENDA2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, ALDFGabandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear, ASFAAquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstracts, ASFISAquatic Sciences and Fisheries Information System, CITESConvention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, CMSConvention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, CODECode of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, CWPCoordinating Working Party on Fishery Statistics, FIRMSFisheries and Resources Monitoring System, GESAMPUnited Nation’s Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection, GIAHSGlobally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems, GLOBAL RECORDGlobal Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels, GRSFGlobal Record of Stocks and Fisheries, GSSIGlobal Sustainable Seafood Initiative, HACCPHazard Analysis Critical Control Point (system), HSHarmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, IUUillegal, unreported and unregulated (fishing), OECDOrganisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, OECMother effective area-based conservation measure, PMP/ABProgressive Management Pathway for Improving Aquaculture Biosecurity, PSMAAgreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing, RAIPrinciples for Responsible Investment in Agriculture and Food Systems, RFMO/Aregional fisheries management organization/arrangement, RSNRegional Fishery Body Secretariats Network, SSF GUIDELINESVoluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication, UNCLOSUnited Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, VGGTVoluntary Guidelines for Responsible Governance of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security, VGMFGVoluntary Guidelines for the Marking of Fishing Gear, WSSDWorld Summit on Sustainable Development. In response to The State of the World’s Aquatic Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, the Commission requested that FAO prepare a global plan of action (GPA) on AqGR. Differences in income levels represent another important factor underlying differences in fish consumption, as do the availability and price of substitutable proteins. The largest discrepancy between AIS-based information and other fishing data occurs for fishing activity in the Eastern Indian Ocean. Future prospects and trends for effective utilization of fish processing wastes in India. [Cited 26 December 2019]. & Warner, R.R. Following the call by COFI in 2018, FAO and partners have supported the development of an accident and fatality reporting system for fisheries in the Caribbean, as well as a capacity-building programme on safety at sea for small-scale fishers there (Box 14). In addition, methods developed for the IHH study will be made available, including in the form of e-learning, to facilitate their uptake. 2018. (also available at www.fao.org/3/ca8665t/ca8665t.pdf). Round sardinella (Sardinella aurita) is another important small pelagic species. 2019. With a focus on capturing hard-to-reach grey literature of particular value to researchers and policymakers, ASFA is ideally placed to contribute to growing knowledge and awareness of AqGR. Rome. A fish stock usually needs 2–3 times its lifespan for management regulations to turn into effective results in stock abundance. Catches of anchoveta (Engraulis ringens) by Peru and Chile accounted for most of the increase in catches in 2018, following relatively low catches for this species in recent years. Willows, R.I., Reynard, N., Meadowcroft, I. Sustainable Development Goal 14 (Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development) has clear and important implications for fisheries and aquaculture; by extension, achievement of its objective will bring progress across other SDG objectives. fishing vessel operations, landing, product splits and processing). To reflect the most up-to-date statistics available, this part was drafted in February–March 2020 upon annual closure of the various thematic databases in which the data are structured. Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems. World Bank. For many species frequently traded internationally, the impact of supply disruption shocks such as disease outbreaks and other causes of price volatility is no longer confined to the country or region in which they occur. Developing countries face spec…, The culmination of over a decade's worth of research by the Pond Dynamics/Aquaculture Collaborative Research Support Program (CRSP), Dynamics of Pond Aquac…, This publication offers a synthesis of the major factors at play in the global food and agricultural landscape. Its derivative chitosan has shown a wide range of applications, notably in the fields of wastewater treatment, cosmetics, toiletries, food, beverages, agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. Rome. These kilns can significantly reduce toxic substances (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) in the smoke inhaled by the fish processors – almost all of whom are women – inhale, and also help prevent such substances from entering the fish flesh. and Indian oil sardine (Sardinella longiceps) are likely to be overfished, but anchovies (Engraulidae), hilsa shad (Tenualosa ilisha), Indian mackerel (Rastrelliger kanagurta), scads (Decapterus spp. For more information on the Article Processing Charge, please click here. Capture fisheries are unique food production systems, as they are the only large-scale food sector that relies fully on wild biodiversity. In some cases, the AIS-based data provided novel sources of data, and this collaborative work has led to data improvements for the FAO dataset and helped refine estimates of the total number of vessels of more than 24 m LOA. After some experimental attempts, it was concluded that youth groups of 10–15 persons could easily manage clusters of 10 tanks. Rome. Another issue linked to product legality is food fraud. White, eds. OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook [online]. The SDGs are country-led and country-owned. Response by Members to the FAO Questionnaire on the Implementation of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and Related Instruments, by region, 41. The study was presented in July 2018 at the Thirty-third Session of COFI, where Members expressed concern about transshipment activities, and called for a further study to support the development of guidelines on best practices for regulating, monitoring and controlling transshipment. In 2018, fish exports of developing countries were valued at USD 88 billion, and their net fish export revenues (exports minus imports) reached USD 38 billion, higher than those of other agricultural commodities (such as meat, tobacco, rice and sugar) combined. 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